Thursday, May 12, 2016

Y Chromosome DNA haplogroup for Europe


image of European white women
in appearance similar to the Turkic woman


The table below shows the human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups, based on relevant studies, for various ethnic and other notable groups from Europe. The samples are taken from individuals identified with the ethnic and linguistic designations shown in the first two columns; the third column gives the sample size studied; and the other columns give the percentage for each particular haplogroup (ethnic groups from the North Caucasus, although technically located in Europe, are considered in their own article where they are placed alongside populations of the South Caucasus for the purpose of conserving space).
PopulationLanguage[1]nR1bR1aI E1b1bJGNTOthersReference
AlbaniansIE (Albanian)22318.394.041335.4323.772.6900.91.79Sarno2015[2]
AlbaniansIE (Albanian)5117.69.819.621.623.52.00.00.0Semino2000[3]
Albanians (Kosovar)IE (Albanian)11421.104.42I1=5.31
I2a2=2.65
47.37J2=16.7000P[xQ,R1]=1.77Pericic2005[4]
Albanians (Tirana)IE (Albanian)3013.313.316.723.320.03.3Bosch2006[5]
AlbaniansIE (Albanian)5518.29.1I1=3.6
I2a=14.5
I2b=3.6
25.5J1=3.6
J2a=5.5
J2b=14.5
1.80.00.0Battaglia2008[6]
Albanians (Macedonia)IE (Albanian)6418.81.6I1=4.5
I2a=12.5
39.1J1=6.3
J2=15.6
1.60.00.0Battaglia2008[6]
Arkhangelsk (Russia)IE (Slavic), Uralic28017.950.03.60028.600Mirabal2009[7]
AndalusiansIE (Italic)2965.50.00.00.06.9L=3.4Semino2000[3]
AndalusiansIE (Italic)1033.9Rootsi2004[8]
AndalusiansIE (Italic)769.21.1Semino2004[9]
ArmeniansIE (Armenian)41329.11.73.65.1J1=10.7
J2=25.5
9.40.28.5Q=0.2Herrara2012
Aromuns (Dukasi, Albania)IE (Italic)392.62.617.917.948.710.30.00.0Bosch2006[5]
Aromuns (Andon Poci, Albania)IE (Italic)1936.80.042.115.85.30.00.00.0Bosch2006[5]
Aromuns (Kruševo, Macedonia)IE (Italic)4327.911.620.920.911.67.00.00.0Bosch2006[5]
Aromuns (Štip, Macedonia)IE (Italic)6523.121.516.918.520.00.00.00.0Bosch2006[5]
Aromuns (Romania)IE (Italic)4223.82.419.07.133.30.0Bosch2006[5]
Ashkenazi JewsIE (Semitic)7912.722.843.0Nebel2001[10]
Ashkenazi JewsIE (Semitic)4424.119.738.09.70.2Behar2004[11]
AustriansIE (Germanic, West)2193214
Bashkirs (Perm)Altaic (Turkic)4386.09.30.00.00.02.32.30.0Lobov[12]
BasqueBasque (Basque)6788.10.07.52.23.00.00.00.0Semino2000[3]
BasqueBasque (Basque)10992.70.93.70.9Adams2008[13]
BavariansIE (Germanic, West)8050.015.08.05.00.00.0Rosser2000[14]
BelgiansIE (Germanic/Italic)9263.04.02.0Rosser2000[14]
BelarusiansIE (Slavic, East)410.039.010.02.4Rosser2000[14]
BelarusiansIE (Slavic, East)14719.0Rootsi2004[8]
BelarusiansIE (Slavic, East)684.445.625.04.41.58.8Kharkov2005[15]
BelarusiansIE (Slavic, East)3064.251.04.63.39.5Behar2003[16]
BearnaisIE (Italic)267.73.8Semino2004[9]
BearnaisIE (Italic)433.7Rootsi2004[8]
BosniaksIE (Slavic, South)691.424.642.010.10.0Pericic2005[4]
BritishIE (Germanic, West)3268.89.4Helgason2000[17]
BulgariansIE (Slavic, South)12711.017.327.519.718.11.60.8Karachanak2009[18]
BulgariansIE (Slavic, South)80810.717.5I*=0.4
I1=4.3
I2a=20.2
I2b=1.7
22.1J1=3.4
J2=10.5
4.80.51.6C=0.5
H=0.6
L=0.2
Q=0.4
R2a=0.1
Karachanak2013[19]
BulgariansIE (Slavic, South)10014.016.034.021.09.02.01.02.0others H 1.0Begoña Martinez-Cruz2012[20]
CatalansIE (Italic)2479.20.04.24.24.28.0Rootsi2004[8]
CatalansIE (Italic)336.13.6Semino2004[9]
Cantabrians (Pasiegos)IE (Italic)5642.9Cruciani2004[21]
ChuvashesAltaic (Turkic)793.831.611.3024.2027.80Tambets2004[22]
Croats (mainland)IE (Slavic, South)10815.734.337.05.61.90.9Pericic2005[4]
Croats (mainland)IE (Slavic, South)18938.1Rootsi2004[8]
CypriotsIE (Greek)459.02.027.0Rosser2000[14]
CzechsIE (Slavic, West)25734.218.35.84.75.11.6Luca2007[23]
Czechs and SlovaksIE (Slavic, West)4535.626.72.2Semino2000[3]
Czechs and SlovaksIE (Slavic, West)19813.6Rootsi2004[8]
DanesIE (Germanic, North)1241.716.7Helgason2000[17]
DanesIE (Germanic, North)19438.7Rootsi2004[8]
DanesIE (Germanic, North)352.9Cruciani2004[21]
DutchIE (Germanic, West)2770.43.7Semino2000[3]
DutchIE (Germanic, West)26.7[8]8.0[14]0[9]
DutchIE (Germanic, West)41050.23.332.92.95.14.10.2Barjesteh2008[24]
English (Central)IE (Germanic, West)21561.9525Weale2002[25]
EstoniansUralic (Finnic)2079.03.01.040.6Rosser2000[14]
EstoniansUralic (Finnic)11837.3Laitinen2002[26]
EstoniansUralic (Finnic)21018.6Rootsi2004[8]
FinnsUralic (Finnic)572.010.52.063.2Rosser2000[14]
FinnsUralic (Finnic)380.07.928.963.2[22]
FrenchIE (Italic)2352.2017.48.74.3000Semino2000[3]
FrenchIE (Italic)408.0Rosser2000[14]
FrisiansIE (Germanic, West)9456.07.029.02.06.0Wilson2001[27]
FrisiansIE (Germanic, West)9455.37.434.02.11.4Weale2002[25]
Gagauz (Kongaz)Altaic (Turkic)4810.412.531.316.78.310.44.26.3Varzari2006[28]
Gagauz(Etulia)Altaic (Turkic)4114.626.824.49.87.317.10.00.0Varzari2006[28]
GermansIE (Germanic, West)4847.98.122Helgason2000[17]
GermansIE (Germanic, West)165016226.20000Semino2000[3]
GermansIE (Germanic)121538.917.923.66.24.01.67.7Kayser2005[29]
GreeksIE (Greek)7711.715.619.520.816.99.10.02.6Firasat2007[30]
GreeksIE (Greek)11822.88.3Helgason2000[17]
GreeksIE (Greek)84/9223.86.5Semino2004[9]
GreeksIE (Greek)17113.511.115.831.619.94.71.8King2008[31]
Greeks (Crete)IE (Greek)19317.08.813.08.838.910.92.1King2008[31]
Greeks (Peloponnese)IE (Greek)3647Semino2004[9]
Greeks (Thrace)IE (Greek)4112.222.019.519.519.54.9Bosch2006[5]
Greeks (North)IE (Greek)9614.618.812.535.45.22.1L=1Zalloua2008[32]
Greeks (South)IE (Greek)4619.62.223.943.56.52.2Zalloua2008[32]
Greeks (Macedonia)IE (Greek)5714.012.3I1=8.8
I2a=21.0
22.9J1=1.8
J2=14.1
1.81.8Battaglia 2008[6]
Gypsy (Macedonia)IE (Indic)571.81.85.329.81.80H=59.6Pericic2005[4]
HerzegoviniansIE (Slavic, South)1413.612.163.88.50.7Pericic2005[4]
HungariansUralic (Ugric)21518.125.6I1=7.91
I2a=16.74
I2b=2.79
I*=0.93
6.1J2=6.51
J*[xJ2]=3.72
4.20.470.0H=5.12
R2=0.47
R1*=1.40
Völgyi2008[33]
HungariansUralic (Ugric)4513.360.011.18.92.22.20.00.0L=2.2Semino2000[3]
HungariansUralic (Ugric)56.6[6]9.4[9]2.0[9]8.0[34]1.0
IcelandersIE (Germanic, North)18141.423.834.2Helgason2000[17]
IrishIE (Celtic)22281.50.5Helgason2000[17]
IrishIE (Celtic)2572.0Rosser2000[14]
ItaliansIE (Italic)5062.08.010.0Rootsi2004[8]
ItaliansIE (Italic)2.7[17]13.0[14]
Italians (Calabria)IE (Italic)32.4[3]5.4[8]16.3[4]24.6[9]
Italians (Apulia)IE (Italic)2.6[8]13.9[9]31.4[9]
Italians (Sardinia)IE (Italic)22.1[3]42.3[8]5.0[9]12.5[9]
Italians (Northern Sardinia)IE (Italic)8620.00.028.013.021.00.0Zalloua2008[32]
Italians (Southern Sardinia)IE (Italic)18719.01.035.011.014.00.0Zalloua2008[32]
Italians (North-central)IE (Italic)62.0[3]0.5[8]10.4[4]26.9[9]
Italians (South)IE (Italic)6825.03.06.026.015.03.0Zalloua2008[32]
Italians (Sicily)IE (Italic)8.827.323.8Semino2004[9]
Italians (East Sicily)IE (Italic)8720.02.35.029.05.05.0Zalloua2008[32]
Italians (West Sicily)IE (Italic)12527.02.411.019.013.03.0Zalloua2008[32]
KomiUralic (Finnic)9416.033.05.335.1[22]
Komi (Izhemsky)Uralic (Finnic)540.029.61.90.00.00.068.50.0Mirabal2009[7]
Komi (Priluzsky)Uralic (Finnic)492.032.74.10.00.00.061.20.0Mirabal2009[7]
LatviansIE (Baltic)11439.50.942.1Laitinen2002[26]
LatviansIE (Baltic)3415.0[14]41[14]7.0[14]32[14]Rosser 2000[14]
LithuaniansIE (Baltic)385.0[14]
LithuaniansIE (Baltic)11436.00.943.0Laitinen2002[26]
ethnic MacedoniansIE (Slavic, South)21111.414.231.318.016.03.80.51.9L=0.5Noveski2010[35]
ethnic MacedoniansIE (Slavic, South)795.115.234.224.112.75.1Pericic2005[4]
Macedonians (Skopje)IE (Slavic, South)5213.513.528.823.111.53.8Bosch2006[5]
MalteseAfro-Asiatic (Semitic)18722.05.09.06.09.00.0Zalloua2008[32]
MariUralic (Finnic)1112.747.78.141.4[22]
MariUralic (Finnic)4810.429.20.06.350.0Rosser2000[14]
Moldavians (Carahasani)IE (Italic)7216.734.725.012.59.70.01.40.0Varzari2006[28]
Moldavians (Sofia)IE (Italic)5416.720.435.213.05.61.93.71.9Varzari2006[28]
Mordvins (Erzya)Uralic (Finnic)4639.1Malaspina2003[36]
Mordvins (Moksha)Uralic (Finnic)4621.7Malaspina2003[36]
MordvinsUralic (Finnic)8313.326.519.319.3[22]
NorwegiansIE (Germanic, North)25.9[17]17.9[17]40.3[8]
NorwegiansIE (Germanic, North)5230.81.91.93.80.0Rosser2000[14]
OrcadiansIE (Germanic, West)7166.019.7Wilson2001[27]
PolesIE (Slavic, West)16.4[3]56.4[3]17.8[8]4.0[9]1.0[9]
PolesIE (Slavic, West)9313.455.916.13.2[22]
PolesIE (Slavic, West)91311.657.017.34.52.53.73.3Kayser2005[29]
PortugueseIE (Italic)3035.3Rootsi2004[8]
Portuguese (South)IE (Italic)5756.02.017.0Rosser2000[14]
Portuguese (North)IE (Italic)32862.0011.0Rosser2000[14]
RomaniansIE (Italic)5413.020.448.17.45.65.60.00.0Varzari2006[28]
RomaniansIE (Italic)36122.2Rootsi2004[8]
Romanians (Constanţa)IE (Italic)3116.19.741.99.76.512.90.00.0Bosch2006[5]
Romanians (Ploieşti)IE (Italic)368.35.638.916.719.48.30.00.0Bosch2006[5]
RomaniansIE (Italic)17910.120.1I1=5.6
I2a1= 17.3
Other I2= 5.0
19.6J1=2.2
J2a=7.3
J2b = 8.9
2.20.60.6Q=0.6Martinez-Cruz 2012[20]
RussiansIE (Slavic, East)1226.646.76.64.118.0Rosser2000[14]
RussiansIE (Slavic, East)6121.342.613.116.4[22]
Russians (Kursk)IE (Slavic, East)407.552.515.010.02.5012.500Mirabal2009[7]
Russians (Northern)IE (Slavic, East)3806.133.414.50.31.81.341.30.0Balanovsky2008[37]
Russians (Central)IE (Slavic, East)3647.747.016.55.23.30.017.00.8Balanovsky2008[37]
Russians (Adygea)IE (Slavic, East)7824.4Rootsi2004[8]
Russians (Bashkortostan)IE (Slavic, East)506.0Rootsi2004[8]
Russians (Belgorod region)IE (Slavic, East)1432.859.416.7Balanovsky[37]
Russians (Cossacks)IE (Slavic, East)9722.7Rootsi2004[8]
Russians (Kostroma region)IE (Slavic, East)5318.9Rootsi2004[8]
Russians (North, Pinega)IE (Slavic, East)1274.7Rootsi2004[8]
Russians (Smolensk region)IE (Slavic, East)12010.8Rootsi2004[8]
Sami (Sweden)Uralic (Finnic)387.915.831.60.00.00.044.70.0Karlsson2006[38]
SamiUralic (Finnic)1273.911.047.2[22]
SamiUralic (Finnic)31.4Rootsi2004[8]
ScotsIE (Celtic)75072.58.514[39]
Sephardic JewsAfro-Asiatic (Semitic)7829.53.911.519.228.2Nebel2001[10]
SerbsIE (Slavic, South)1794.514.54817.35.62.23.3L=0.6Mirabal,V.2010[40]
SerbsIE (Slavic, South)11310.615.936.321.28Pericic2005[4]
SerbsIE (Slavic, South)1037.820.437.918.47.85.81.9Regueiro2012[41]
Serbs (Bosnia)IE (Slavic, South)816.213.640.722.29.91.26.20.0Battaglia2008[6]
SloveniansIE (Slavic, South)7521.338.730.72.74.02.70.00.0Battaglia2008[6]
SlovenianIE (Slavic, South)7037.17.15.70.00.0Rosser2000[14]
SlovenianIE (Slavic, South)5538.2Rootsi2004[8]
SpanishIE (Italic)12668.02.010.0Rosser2000[14]
Ibiza islandersIE (Italic)5457.40.01.97.413.016.7Zalloua2008[32]
Majorca islandersIE (Italic)6266.10.08.16.26.21.6Zalloua2008[32]
Minorca islandersIE (Italic)3773.02.72.718.90.00.0Zalloua2008[32]
Spanish (South)IE (Italic)16265.02.06.09.04.00.0Zalloua2008[32]
ValenciansIE (Italic)7364.03.010.011.01.01.0Zalloua2008[32]
Swedes (Northern)IE (Germanic, North)4822.918.82.12.18.3Rosser2000[14]
SwedesIE (Germanic, North)11020.017.3Helgason2000[17]
SwedesIE (Germanic, North)22540Rootsi2004[8]
SwedesIE (Germanic, North)16013.124.437.51.30.014.4Lappalainen2008[42]
SwissIE (German/Italic)1447.6Rootsi2004[8]
TatarsAltaic (Turkic)1268.724.14.033.0[22]
Turks (Istanbul)Altaic (Turkic)5911.920.36.813.630.58.53.81.7Semino2004[43]
Cinnioglu 2004[44]
UdmurtUralic (Finnic)872.310.31.185.1[22]
UkrainiansIE (Slavic, East)7597.943.227.27.43.835.41.30.8Kushniarevich2015[45]
UkrainiansIE (Slavic, East)21.9[8]8.6[9]7.3[9]
UkrainiansIE (Slavic, East)5318.941.524.59.40.05.70.0Varzari2006[28]
Welsh (Anglesey)IE (Celtic)8889.01.03.0Wilson2001[27]
Welsh (Anglesey)IE (Celtic)1968.1

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